PROOF THAT NON WOVEN BAG IS ECO FRIENDLY

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BuhnAIohy_Y
Which is your good business idea?

Non woven fabric bag making manufacturer is good idea.

Which is the best business to start nowadays?

After the Plastic Ban Non woven Bag manufacturing Business is The Best Business Idea.

Which business grow fast and profitable?

Non woven Bag manufacturing Business is the most profitable business of 2020.

How much investment to start non woven fabric bag business ?

Non woven fabric bag business require minimum investment of 15-30 lack.

CLEMSON UNIVERSITY, US GIVE PROOF THAT NON WOVEN BAG IS ECO FRIENDLY

SUBJECT : Availing support in Promotion of NONWOVEN FABRIC BAGS as MULTIUSE (REUSABLE) AND RECYCLABLE PRODUCT

Indinon Manufacturer Association of Non Wovens (Indinon) is a registered association of manufacturer of non wovens in Gujarat having more than 100 member. All most all manufacturers are of small scale sector.

Indinon is registered :

as  Public Trust Act, 1950 with registration No.F/16373/Ahmedabad Dt.24.05.2012. as  Society Act, 1860                                     with registration No.Guj/16621/Ahmedabad Dt.24.05.2012.

Indinon  objectives : To increase the presence of Nonwovens in  day to day life by awareness & Promotion of Nonwovens & also widespread application of Nonwovens by educating benefits of Non Wovens.

Indinon vision : To be a C R U S A D E R in “ Eco Friendly “ revolution

Indinon mission : is to bring awareness of many fold benefits of Nonwovens usage in our daily life and thereby develop Gujarat as the largest Manufacturing and Converting Base for Nonwovens

 

About Non woven Fabric and bag

 

The fabric without weaving is called non-woven fabric and NW is the acronym of non-woven. It can be divided into various kinds by the different technologies. It breaks through the traditional textile’s control while it owns the features such as simple procedure, fast production, high yields, lower cost, wide use, abundant in raw source, etc. .

1.     Manufacturing Process & Raw material of Non woven Fabric

Regarding definition and classification of Non Woven Fabrics we would like to present as under:

  • DGFT have incorporated Non wovens with HSN 5603 under Technical Textile items vide Notification No. 54/2015-2020 Dt. 15.1.2019. (Pls refer Attachment No 1, Sr No. 57-61)

In technical terms NONWOVEN fabrics mean those fabrics which are not woven.  PP Spunbond,Non woven fabric is a fabric which is porous and permeable to air and water.

Nonwoven Fabric is Technically very very different than Woven Fabric.

 

Following are some basic characteristics of Spunbond Nonwoven Fabric:

  • 100% recyclable and
  • Excellent breathability.
  • It has air and water permeability. – Does not block drainage
  • Photo Degradable (Degrades under exposure to sunlight)
  • Chemically inert, Non toxic- burning does not produce any poisonous gases or (DKTE)

A certificate from DKTE- Textile & Engineering Institute for Nonwoven is enclosed here with for ready reference, which is self-explanatory. (Attachment No 2 & 3)

  • Raw Material for Nonwoven Fabric:
  • RIL-Repol H350FG- It is recommended for use in compact Fibre Spinning operations, for making fine denier multifilament yarns and Non-wovens. Repol H350FG has excellent uniformity needed for high speed spinning of fine deniers. Repol H350FG contains an excellent process stabilizer package suitable for Non-woven and filament
  • IOCL – Propel 1350 YG– It is havingHigh melt flow and specified for high speed production of fine denier fibre / Nonwoven. PP Homopolymer. 1350YG is recommended for Production of Spun bond Nonwoven fabrics & Fine denier Multifilament

1.3   Manufacturing Process of Spunbond Nonwoven fabric:

 

In the Spunbond technology, fibre grade textile polymer is extruded to form fine filaments of around 40-45 micrometre diameter. The filaments are collected on a conveyor belt in the form of a web. The filaments in web are then bonded by heat treatment to make Spunbond Nonwoven fabric. Below described briefly the process chart of Spunbond Nonwoven fabric production:

Process Chart of Spunbond Nonwoven Fabric

  • Chapter 5603* includes “Nonwovens, whether or not impregnated, coated, covered or laminated of man-made filaments” which is the exact matching classification for PP Spunbond Non woven fabric. (Attachemnt No 4)

Also, Globally by all countries, this HSN Code 5603 is being used for all the exports and imports of PP Spunbond Nonwoven fabric.

1.2   Non Woven Fabric is NOT Plastics under Chapter 39:

 

Referring to chapter heading 39 Point Note 2(q) [Attachment No 5] clearly excludes goods of Section XI of (textile and textile articles). Textile and textile articles are covered in Chapters 50-63 and cannot be covered in chapter 39. Also chapter introduction clearly states that “throughout this Schedule, the expression “plastics” means those materials of headings 3901 to 3914 which are or have been capable, either at the moment of polymerization or at some subsequent stage,…”Since Non woven Fabric is covered under HSN 5603 therefore it cannot be termed as “plastics”.

1.   Manufacturing process and Raw material of Non woven Bag

Immediate Raw material for non woven bag is Non Woven Fabric of HSN 5603 as defined above.

PP Non woven fabric bag is made from Non woven fabric by directly cutting and pasting the fabric without adding any tangible material to it. Some bags are also made by stitching the Non Woven fabrics. So it is a made-up of Non woven fabric

 and should be considered as Textile Article because the immediate raw material of Non Woven Bag is Non Woven Fabric which is a textile product.

It may please be noted that international HSN code (10 digit) for Non woven bags is 6305390010.(Attachment No 6 and 7)

Bag Made from Non Woven Fabric is Textile article and not plastic bag under HSN 3923:

Some Examples of Fabrics which uses Polymer but still it is Fabric not Plastic, due to its distinguish use of Basic raw material & manufacturing process:

  1. Polyester–Polyester is a generalised term for any fabric or textile, which is made using polyester yarns or fibres. It is a shortened name for a synthetic, man-made
  1. Nylon– Nylon is made when the appropriate monomers (the chemical building blocks which make up polymers) are combined to form a long chain via a condensation polymerisation reaction. The monomers for Nylon 6-6 are adipic acid and hexamethylenediamine. The polymer has to be warmed and drawn out to form strong

3.     Are Non woven bags used for single usage or Multiple Usage

 

In common parlance it can be understood that bags intended to be used one time for carrying goods are called “Single Use bags”, and bags intended to be used multiple times for carrying goods are called “Multiple Use bags”.

Although as on date there is no data revealed by any Indian Institute / body regarding items to be considered as Single Use bags or Multiple Use bags, there has been an environment research study conducted in USA and a press release about the same has been released by “CLEMSON UNIVERSITY, USA” titled “Life Cycle assessment of Grocery Bags in Common Use in United States” which have cited about single use bags and multiple use bags. (Pls note ref hyperlink of the same is: https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/cudp_environment/6/)

The study shows that on an average PP Non Woven Bags were reused for 44 times by an Individual, while Paper bags and Plastic Retail Bags (PRBs) are used for only 1 time. The result of the study regarding reusability of different types of bags is shown in the table below:

  One Trip 3.1 Trips 14.6 Trips 44 Trips
  No.of bags used Wt of 1 bag (gm) No.of bags used Wt of 1 bag (gm) No.of bags used Wt of 1 bag (gm) No.of bags used Wt of 1 bag (gm)
PRBs 9.8 61 30.5 189.1 143.7 890.7 433 2684
LDPE 8.3 295.6 8.3 295.6 8.3 295.6 8.3 295.6
NWPP 6.7 621.9 6.7 621.9 6.7 621.9 6.7 621.9
Paper 8.4 457.2 26.1 1417 122.7 6675 369.8 20116

1.      Properties of Non Woven Fabric & Bag

 

Following are the general properties of non woven which make it quite unique.:-

Abrasion resistant Absorbent Antistatic Oxo-Biodegradable
Breathable Colour fast Conductive Creas resistant
Dense Drapeable Dry cleanable Durable
Dust free Dyeable Elastic Filtration
Flame resistant Foldable Glueable Heat sealable
Impermeable Ironable Kind to skin Non-conductive
Rot and mildew resistant Light               Lint free                                                                  Liquid repellent
Long-lasting Mouldable Non-fading Creas resistant
Permeable Porous Dry cleanable Printable
Sewable Smooth Soft Stable
Sterilisable Stiff Stretchable Creas resistant
Strong Washable Weatherproof Tear resistant

TO UNFOLD THE MYTH ABOUT NONWOVEN

The Misconception or you say Myth created in general for Nonwoven being considered as just another plastic, because of the raw material (i.e. “Polypropelene) is same for Nonwoven & Plastic.

But the fact is due to difference in the Process and Characterictic of the end product, there is substantial proof that its not just another  Plastic  . Polypropylene Nonwoven leaves no ecological footprint.. It contributes to waste reduction and the movement away from one-use products, means that its ecological footprint, which is smaller than that of similar alternatives.

We admit that Nonwoven bags are made of polymers of polypropylene but it is pertinent to mention that its properties are much different and definitely environment and pollution friendly than the so called plastic bags abundantly available in market.

It contributes to waste reduction & the movement away from one- use products .

 
   

(ranking of plastics into four group according to their hazardous charteristics)

PVC (polyvinyl chloride ) & other halogenated plastics

  1. PU (polyurethane) , PS (polystyrene) , ABS (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene , PC ( polycarbonate)
  2. PET ( polyethylene-terephthalate), PE , NWPP
  3. BIOBASED PLASITIC

PVC is the most problematic & polluting plastic is at the top of the pyramid at no 1 , while bio based plastics, the least polluting  are no 4  at the pyramids base .PP is just above the bio based plastics at no 3 along with PET .

 Globally NONWOVEN is accepted as a Eco-friendly Product , but still with all the above fact Nonwoven is considered as just another Plastic in India and is denied its rightful status of a “ECOFRENDLY PRODUCT ” .

Another surprising fact about eco-friendly product is – absence of any norms prescribed for “ECO-FRIENDLY PRODUCT” by the Environment ministry of India, which is why we are finding difficulty in getting the required ECO LABEL to NONWOVEN.

We would urge to look at Poly Propylene Nonwoven bag in a different context, as a blanket ban would not only be unjust but also eschew the possibility of a viable, economical and sustainable alternative for day to day needs of the common man. Here would also like to draw your attention that with PLASTIC BAGS BAN, NONWOVEN BAGS are the best alternative to Plastic Bags. NONWOVEN COULD BE A BOON FOR THE SWACHH BHARAT AND CAN ACT AS A CATALYST FOR “SWACHH BHARAT ABHIYAN”

5.    Non Woven bag Industry in India – current scenario Employment Generation:

Manufacturing of Non woven bags by stitching employs tremendous number of workforce specially women. If promoted properly it can become a very successful model for creating successful and effective “GRUH UDYOG

Non woven bag industry has a tremendous scope of generating employment specially to women workforce in both urban and rural areas. If promoted properly it can become a very successful model for creating successful and effective “GRUH UDYOG”.

Turnover:

 At present more than 90% of world consumption of Non Woven bags are being supplied by China. Contribution of Indian exports of Non Woven bags is only 2-3%

As per press release of Press Trust of India Published by business Standard citation of Mr Ramkumar Sheshadhri, Asst Prof., USA goes like this:-

“Though a late entrant in the sector India produces Non Woven close to 8 million registering 6-8% of world production. The future annual growth in the sector would be more than 12% in India”.

 The worldwide nonwoven industry has grown steadily at about 12-13% per annum in tonnage in the last decade. While the nonwoven industries growth in North America, Europe and Japan has slowed with maturity, these countries are still growing at 5% per annum. A significant portion of worldwide nonwoven expansion is due to the rising demand for these materials as emerging economies like Asia expands. India and China are the key players contributing to this growth.

As nonwovens and technical textiles have been considered to be the most promising and dynamic segment of the textile industry, the demand and consumption of nonwovens and technical textiles will grow enormously in the near future.

Comparison of conventional Plastic Bag, Paper bags & Non woven Bag

Prime concern of this presentation- Nonwoven is not Plastic but technical textile of varied applications:

The Prime concern of this presentation is to prove Polypropylene (or PP) Nonwoven Fabric and Bag is not Plastic and should be considered so. It  should not be covered or categorized in Plastic grade under Chapter 39, the % rate of GST is least concerned at this stage.

To Consider Non Woven Bag as textile article and make a specific mention of its definition in the HSN classification / Tariff book.

To promote Non Woven cloth bag as Eco-friendly multiuse substitute to plastic bags.

To support the Industry by creating awareness about the product and its benefits and applications.

For INDINON Maufacturer Association of Non wovens

President / Secretary Encl:

  1. DGFT Notification No. 54/2015-2020 Dt 15.01.2019
  2. DKTE certificate for Nonwoven fabric properties
  3. DKTE certificate for Nonwoven fabric as technical textile under HSN 5603
  4. Chapter headings and notes of Chapter 56
  5. Chapter headings and notes of Chapter 39 with point 2q
  6. HSN of Non Woven Bag 63053390010
  7. BTI-48/2017 issued by SRC Customs for tariff classification of Non woven bags as


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